The "Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé,"
or TLFi, is the electronic version of the TLF, a 16-volume dictionary
of 19th and 20th century French published by Gallimard. The TLFi is being
officially presented today at the CNRS headquarters in Paris. This reference
dictionary of the French language is now accessible on the Internet.
The "Trésor de
la Langue Française" is the fruit of the work of about one
hundred researchers, initiated by CNRS in the 1960s. The first volume
came out in 1971, and the sixteenth in 1994. In its 16 volumes, the TLF
boasts 100,000 words with their histories, 270,000 definitions, 430,000
examples, and 350 million characters. compiling a reliable computerized
archive containing the text of the printed version of the TLF;
The first efforts to computerize the TLF began in 1993 1994 at
INALF ("Institut national de la langue française," the
National Institute of the French Language - CNRS). These efforts have
been continued, since the beginning of 2001, by ATILF ("Analyse et
traitement informatique de la langue française," Analysis
and Computer Processing of the French Language - CNRS - Université
Nancy 2). Computerization was based on three main approaches:
of transforming the text into a structured text in which the various subjects
of the articles are delimited; and
developing the software making
it possible to interrogate the structured text.
The electronic version of the
"Trésor de la Langue Française" offers three consultation
viewing of an article: reading
the dictionary, article by article, with the possibility of highlighting
particular types of information;
consultation using specific
criteria (e.g. all words of Spanish origin); and
complex requests (e.g. viewing
the naval terms relating to working the sails of a ship).
The electronic version of the "Trésor de la Langue Française"
is freely accessible on the site of the ATILF laboratory: http://www.inalf.fr/tlfi
Hypernavigation with the Académie Française dictionaries,
the ATILF lexical base, and the Frantext text databases.
Tel : +33 1 44 96 46 35
Anne -Cécile Baudry
Humanities and Social Sciences (SHS)
Tel: +33 1 44 96 40 82
Tel: +33 3 83 96 86 72