Are the French lousy at languages? Not if there’s noise!

Human and social sciences

It is often said that the French have poor English skills. But according to a study conducted by a CNRS researcher (along with colleagues in the Netherlands, Finland and UK)1, when it comes to process English spoken in a noisy environment like a café or a restaurant, the French have nothing to be ashamed of! For their investigation, the researchers asked people with good English skills to listen for certain sounds at the beginning of words heard against a noisy background. With their 90% success rate, the French did not disappoint, closely tailing native English speakers (92%). They came in ahead of the Finnish (89%) and the Dutch (85%), though their languages are more similar to English. How well participants performed reveals their ability to detect sentence accent, relying on cues that are either “local” (energy and duration of sounds) or “distributed” (sentence melody). The study data show that the participants mostly used the type of cue typical of their mother tongues—namely, local cues for English and Dutch speakers and distributed cues for speakers of Finnish. In contrast, the French, who have a reputation for being numb to accentuation, seem to make use of both kinds of cues.

 

  • 1. Fanny Meunier, CNRS researcher, head of the laboratory Bases, corpus, langage (CNRS/Université Nice Sophia Antipolis), Odette Scharenborg at Radboub University (The Netherlands), Sofoklis Kakouros at Aalto University (Finland) and Brechtje Post at the University of Cambridge (UK).
Bibliographie

Cross-linguistic Influences on Sentence Accent Detection in Background Noise, Odette Scharenborg, Sofoklis Kakouros, Brechtje Post, Fanny Meunier. Language and Speech, 4 January 2019 (online first). https://doi.org/10.1177/0023830918819573   

Contact

Fanny Meunier
Chercheuse CNRS
Véronique Etienne
Attachée de presse CNRS