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Horizons |w 32 CNRS Networks cnrs I international magazine United States Despite the economic crisis and its impact on R&D funding, the US still tops scientific research, authoring more than 20% of the world’s scientific papers. Investing in Science Cambridge New York Cranbury by Eddy Delcher Unlike many countries, the US does not shape its scientific policy in a centralized manner. Instead, a host of departments and organizations regulate research, which is carried out by a number of actors from both the public and private sectors. “Governance relies on a multilevel system involving national, state, and local bodies, each of which has the capacity to set its own priorities and agenda,” explains Xavier Morise, director of the Washington-based CNRS Office for the US, Canada, and Mexico. The Department of Defense is the most heavily funded with nearly $73 billion in 2012 (more than half the total R&D budget). The National Institutes of Health (NIH), the primary source of funds for medical research, received $30 billion the same year, while NASA was allocated $11.3 billion. The National Science Foundation (NSF), the primary federal agency supporting non-biomedical and engineering research by providing funds to more than 2000 universities and enterprises, received $5.6 billion. However, last year’s spending cuts due to the failed agreement on the federal budget caused hundreds of projects to be frozen or abandoned. The US is therefore looking to step up efforts and forecasts a $141.4 billion research budget for 2014, up 8 billion from 2013, targeting non-defense R&D and medical research as its main priorities. With its high scientific publications and patents output, the US plays a key and the Future role on the international stage, and is Europe’s main research partner. Much appreciated for its scientific expertise and the quality of its research infrastructure, France is the country’s fifth partner (behind the UK, Canada, Germany, and China), accounting for 8% of US co-publications with foreign partners. Such privileged position is notably attributable to the unique network of international joint units (UMI) that the CNRS has developed on US soil, together with renowned partner universities. UMIs are fully-operational laboratories, located in France or in a partner country, designed to bring together the Atlanta Tucson San Diego Washington canada mexico 01 © A. CHEZIERE/CNRS Photothèque key figures 313.9 million inhabitants 1st Eur opean research partner $133.2 billion R&D budget for 2013 $141.4 billion R&D budget forecast for 2014 6000 CNRS misions to the us each year 537,308 sc ientific publications in 2012 (22.01% of world total)


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