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EDITORIAL Trimestriel-Hiver 2015 Editorial Offices: 3 rue Michel Ange / F-75794 Paris cedex 16 Phone: +33 (0)1 44 96 53 88 Email: cnrs-magazine@cnrs-dir.fr Website: www.cnrs.fr CNRS (headquarters): 3 rue Michel Ange / F-75794 Paris cedex 16 Publisher: Alain Fuchs Editorial Director: Brigitte Perucca Deputy Editorial Director: Fabrice Impériali Editor: Saman Musacchio Production Manager: Laurence Winter Writers: Lydia Ben Ytzhak, Julien Bourdet, Laure Cailloce, Eddy Delcher, Audrey Diguet, Arby Gharibian, Mathieu Grousson, Brett Kraabel, Fui Lee Luk, Yaroslav Pigenet, Matthieu Ravaud, Mark Reynolds, Clementine Wallace Translation Manager: Valerie Herczeg Copy Editors: Saman Musacchio and Valerie Herczeg Graphic Design: Céline Hein Iconography: Anne-Emmanuelle Hery and Marie Mabrouk Photoengraving: Scoop Communication / F- 45160 Olivet Printing: Groupe Morault, Imprimerie de Compiègne – 2, avenue Berthelot – Zac de Mercières – BP 60524 – 60205 Compiègne Cedex ISSN 1778-1442 AIP 0001308 CNRS Photos are available at: phototheque@cnrs-bellevue.fr ; http://phototheque.cnrs.fr All rights reserved. Partial or full reproduction of articles or illustrations is strictly prohibited without prior written permission from the CNRS. MAGAZINE INTERNATIONAL Quarterly n°36 WINTER 2015 ROSETTA History in the Making Africa on the Move Why Mangroves Matter Special Report on SCIENTIFIC FRAUD On this cover: Stilt roots of mangroves (Rhizophora mucronata) in Mayotte. PHOTO: F. FROMARD/ECOLAB T he past year has provided evidence, if any were needed, of the strength of the foundations on which the CNRS is built, with the scientific advances achieved in 2014 further enhancing our organization’s long-standing international reputation. The French-Brazilian Fields Medal awarded to Artur Ávila, or Philae, which had the world spellbound as it landed on comet 67P after a ten-year voyage in space, are further proof that research can only thrive in a globalized organization, based on long-term investment. From an economic point of view, an in-depth survey enabled us to establish that the CNRS helped create a thousand businesses over 15 years, some of which are now listed on the stock exchange. No doubt the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties, COP 21, will be one of the highlights of 2015. Scheduled in Paris from November 30 to December 11 under the auspices of the United Nations, this event is of vital importance for our planet. It will also provide an opportunity for scientists who are attempting to understand the mechanisms of climate change and assess its impact, to take center stage. With less than a year to go until this decisive international meeting, the CNRS wants to play an active role and encourage all its institutes to share knowledge with the scientific community, both in France and abroad, as well as with society at large. Several events are already in preparation. In addition to COP 21, the CNRS will be present at the scientific conference “Our Common Future Under Climate Change,” organized at UNESCO from July 7 to 11. Changing climate conditions and weather events, melting glaciers, rising sea levels, ocean acidification, migration of species, health and environmental risks, impact on biodiversity, territorial planning, population displacements, resource management, the energy transition, new materials, the circular economy, social innovations: the challenges arising from global change involve every discipline. On November 13 and 14, 2015, at the Sorbonne University in Paris, the CNRS’s scientific forum Les Fondamentales will focus on these issues, which we hope to discuss with the general public. “What remains to be discovered?” will again be the “The challenges arising from global change involve every discipline.” theme of this forum, which will bring together more than a hundred scientists from around the world to exchange views on the climate of the future and the impact of global change. The CNRS will take an active part in the debate and propose solutions to address the crucial challenge of climate change. COP 21 will give scientists a platform. We must seize the opportunity. Lastly, the recent terrorist attacks in Paris prompt us to reflect upon freedom of speech and the meaning of democracy, but also upon the values of an institution such as the CNRS. And our values are precisely those of freedom: freedom of expression, but also the freedom to discover, invent, acquire knowledge, and disseminate it. 3 WINTER 2015 N° 36 INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE Alain Fuchs, President of the CNRS © F. VERNHET/CNRS PHOTOTHÈQUE


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