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IN DEPTH SPECIAL REPORT PROFILE PORTFOLIO CERN: A Journey through Time Particle physics. Backed by 21 countries and involving researchers from 100 nationalities, CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research whose Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is today the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world, recently celebrated its 60th anniversary. We look back at a few momentous achievements of this improbable journey into the deepest structure of matter, an exemplary lesson in international scientific collaboration, which is only just beginning. BY AUDREY DIGUET PHOTOS BY CERN AND CYRIL FRESILLON/CNRS PHOTOTHÈQUE 1. Following WWII, the weakened nations of Europe, fearing that their best physicists would leave for better research facilities elsewhere, and anxious to foster peace in the region, decide to build a common European physics laboratory. On October 1, 1952, during the third session of the provisional council in Amsterdam, the canton of Geneva is selected as its future site. © 1: CERN 1952 ; 2: CERN 1957 1 2 30 CNRS INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE


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