CNRS-Momentum: Call for Proposals 2017

CNRS launches a call for proposals that aims at enabling independent and talented young scientists to create and lead an original project within a CNRS affiliated laboratory. The CNRS-Momentum laureates will strengthen the research of the host units by developing their own scientific project.

The call is open to young researchers whatever their nationality, CNRS tenured (permanent position) or without permanent position, having defended their PhD (or equivalent doctoral degree) since less than 8 years (PhD after 10/31/2009) (1).

In 2017, the "CNRS-Momentum" program will support projects within the following emerging and transverse themes (that are described in detail on the following page) :

  1. Investigating carbon cycles: from biopumps to circular economy - more
  2. Information processing in the brain: cracking the neural code - more
  3. Stability and plasticity of complex systems - more
  4. Inspiration & mimicry - more
  5. Surfaces and Interfaces - more
  6. Collective and social human behavior - more
  7. Participatory Science : Models, Methods, and Tools - more
  8. Data trust and algorithms transparency - more
  9. New frontiers of machine learning for artificial intelligence - more
  10. Smartgrids - more
  11. Modelling of living systems - more
  12. Multifunctional materials : from the nano-scale to a global multiple scale description - more
  13. Quantum calculations and simulations - more

Selection

The selection criteria will be based on the quality of the applicant, the originality and relevance of the project in relation to the chosen themes. The selection of projects will be carried out by the CNRS Executive Board under the chairmanship of the CNRS President Alain Fuchs.

The selection will be done in two stages: short listing in October 2017 and interviews of the selected applicants in November 2017. The final list of laureates will be established during the month of November for a start of funding from January 2018.

Funding

The CNRS-Momentum grant is allocated for a period of 3 years.

  • Annual grant up to € 60,000
  • Two-year salary for a postdoctoral researcher or one-year salary for a technician
  • Three-year salary for non-tenured successful applicants.

Laureates of a grant for the young researchers similar to the CNRS- Momentum program are not eligible (e.g. ATIP-Avenir program, ANR JCJC or ERC Starting/Consolidator grant).

The application form must be completed on-line and the model of project must be downloaded from the following.
Note that the scientific project should be no longer than 7 pages (figures and references included). Proposals should be submitted in pdf format at cnrs-momentum@cnrs-dir.fr.

Deadline for submission of projects, June 19, 2017 at 12:00 (Paris time).

For any further information, please contact : cnrs-momentum@cnrs-dir.fr

(1) The effective elapsed time since the award of the PhD will be reduced by one year for maternity (or if longer by the documented amount of leave actually taken for each child born after the PhD award), and by the documented amount of leave for national service, paternity or long-term illness.

Themes

1. Investigating carbon cycles: from biopumps to circular economy

In order to cope with climate change, solutions enabling carbon capture are the next challenges to address. Living organisms are key drivers of the biogeochemical carbon cycle for the conversion into organic compounds. Investigating the adaptation of the complex processes involved in these biological pumps of carbon to a broad array of environmental constraints (marine and terrestrial) represent a major challenge. Mineralization or hydrogenation processes (chemical or physicochemical transformation of CO2) are the early stages towards a CO2-based circular economy. These transformations need to be approached in a varied way - theory or experiments - to enable a comparative evaluation of different strategies.

Keywords: CO2, photosynthesis, carbon sequestration, biogeochemical cycle, climate, circular economy, process, mineralization

2. Information processing in the brain: cracking the neural code

Human brain is an outstanding system of information processing. However, understanding how the brain actually works, how it can do so accurate processing with so inaccurate components are great challenges, with impact both in Neurosciences and Computer Sciences. The objective is to make a paradigmatic shift and break the neural code in a pluridisciplinary team.

Keywords: neural code, brain information processing, brain modeling, brain signal processing and control, neuromorphic computing

3. Stability and plasticity of Complex Systems

Cell fate and collective cell behavior imply distinct processes, such as proliferation, specialization, trans-differentiation, movements, regeneration, ageing, etc. to essentially create a complex system stabilized and controlled by communication means. At a higher scale, communication and interaction also orchestrate the formation and the stability of resilient ecosystems. The grammar of chemical effectors underlying these processes, their control and the environmental effects remains poorly understood but is mandatory to get new insight into the communication at the intra- and inter-cellular, intra- and inter-species levels in ecosystems and within populations.

Keywords: plasticity, robustness, chemical communication, resilience

4. Inspiration & mimicry

Natural systems and their unique properties are a powerful reservoir of abundant inventiveness that deserves to be described, analyzed and understood. They represent a source of inspiration for developing novel approaches, to tailor or shape new molecules, materials or composites with enhanced or unique properties, store or release energy, to settle new processes, to design and manufacture new autonomous devices or systems, bio-inspired robotic systems, information processing architectures or calculation paradigms. These approaches intrinsically associate biologists, chemists, physicists, mathematicians, computer scientists, or engineers in pluri- or inter-disciplinary context.

Keywords: bio-inspiration, bio-mimicry, complex systems, modeling, analysis

5. Surfaces and Interfaces

Interfaces between solids, liquids or gases are the place of unique chemical, physical or biological processes often driven by the properties of involved surfaces. Surfaces can be stabilized, decorated, or functionalized to introduce tailored structural or dynamical properties. Interfaces can stabilize molecules, ensemble of molecules or nano-objects controlling exchanges or establishing compatibility or discontinuities between domains.

Keywords: surfaces, interfaces, functionalization, compatibility, catalysis, biointerfaces.

6. Collective and social human behavior

The analysis of the collective and social dimensions of human behavior is essential for understanding social dynamics and requires new formal analysis through collaborations between social psychology, data sciences, cognitive sciences, economics, mathematics, anthropology, and sociology. The aim is to identify the relevant social interactions concerning issues such as (but not limited to) violence, discrimination, public health policies, labor and business developments, welfare, and education. The theoretical predictions should be tested empirically.

Keywords: behavior analysis, scientific computing and modelling, cognitive flocking models, social interactions, public policy evaluation.

7. Participatory Science: Models, Methods, and Tools

Participatory science is recognized as an original and fruitful approach to many problems such as large data sets acquisition, image and text annotation and interpretation, data aggregation, model construction and many other scientific goals. The research to be carried out is at the interface of social sciences and digital science, with a particular focus on players profiling, process modeling, subtasks allocation, coordination and synchronization, as well as crowd recruitment and rewards, legal and ethical issues. The research may benefit from multiple technologies such as web and human-machine interaction, serious games, process engineering and big data science.

Keywords: software engineering, serious games, community-based research, human-machine interaction, social rights, crowdsourcing, digital labor and teleworking.

8. Data Trust and Algorithms Transparency

Data trust and algorithms transparency have become crucial issues, addressed at the interface between information sciences and human and social sciences. Fundamental research must be carried out to define formal languages that describe algorithms and privacy rules in an intelligible ways, and to provide auditing methods and monitoring tools that assist experts in evaluating unsatisfactory features and identifying liabilities with respect to ethical and legal rules.

Keywords: specification languages, behavioral models, privacy and security, algorithms auditing, data quality.

9. New frontiers of machine learning for Artificial Intelligence

Mathematics and computer science form the core of the fast growing area of large-scale machine learning. The focus is on the theoretical foundations, the treatment of massive data sets, including acceptability and privacy issues, and the application to real-world problems, including the derivation of laws of nature. Specific areas of interest are: deep learning, representation learning (manifolds and metric learning, sparse coding and overcomplete representations, structured prediction…), reinforcement learning, online learning and game theory, transfer learning, unsupervised learning, causal modelling, and stochastic and non-convex optimization.

Keywords: machine learning, large-scale problems, massive datasets, optimization, artificial intelligence.

10. Smartgrids

Smartgrids are encompassing research and technology concepts that allow societal challenges such as Climate change and Energy Transition to be addressed at the crosscutting of new energy technologies, ICT and social and human sciences. The scientific challenges linked to the development of smartgrids concern several interdisciplinary aspects such as integration of non-controllable and non-dispatchable variable generation (by massive integration of ENR) and loads (such as development of the electric vehicle connected to the grid), growing complexity of operation of large systems, coupled heterogeneous models of energy and ICT infrastructures with embedded intelligence, stochastic long terms planning models taking into account responsibility partitioning, integration of energy storage, etc. Locks are also existing with regard to observation and control of grids and modeling of very large systems with chaotic behaviors that are difficult to predict, or with regard to management of complexity in critical and coupled infrastructures. Finally, with regard to the uses, it is essential to collaborate in the design / planning and in the analysis of the advanced functions of network management, in order to obtain a balance between the technical functions related to the conduct of the grid and the economic aspects without degrading its security.

Keywords: smartgrids, energy distribution, automatic control, optimization, simulation.

11. Modelling of living systems

Novel experimental methods in life sciences call for modelling in order to obtain quantitative insights which cannot be provided by experimental studies alone. A special attention will be deserved to candidates having already experienced interdisciplinary works with mathematics, scientific computing, biology, ecology or medicine, and developing rigorous analysis.

Keywords: cell assemblies organization, evolutionary biology, mechanisms of disease progression and therapy, living tissues, multi-scale analysis.

12. Multifunctional materials: from the nano-scale to a global multiple scale description

A major challenge to understand and design materials integrating several functionalities is to be able to link the materials properties from the nano-scale to the macroscopic one. Multiscale approaches can link atom-level mechanisms to the global physical, mechanical and chemical properties and their validation should integrate both experimental and theoretical state-of-the-art analysis techniques.

Keywords: multifunctional (nano-) materials, in-situ/in-operando characterization, multiscale analysis and modeling, asymptotic analysis, macroscopic models.

13. Quantum calculations and simulations

Issues related to quantum calculations rise the need for precise mathematical formulation of complex quantum systems. Going below standard asymptotic limits is necessary to achieve engineering and control of related processes. Systems with few degrees of freedom may be used to predict phenomena in more complex systems.

Keywords: open quantum systems, few-body systems, quantum algorithms, relativistic systems, derivation of effective models.