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CNRS Bronze Medalists

The CNRS Bronze Medal recognizes a researcher's first work, which makes that person a specialist with talent in a particular field. This medal is a way for the CNRS to encourage the researcher to continue work that has met with initial success and already produced fruitful results.

 

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Bronze Medal Winners for 2000

Nuclear and Particle Physics

  • Dominique Duchesneau, 34, is a “chargé de recherche” at the Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de physique des particules [Annecy-le-Vieux particle physics laboratory] (CNRS - Université de Savoie). He is taking part in one of the four main experiments conducted at the large electron-positron collider (LEP) of CERN in Geneva. His work more particularly concerns strong interaction physics and the search for new particles. Presented at several major international conferences, Dominique Duchesneau's results have already earned him recognition from the particle physics community.

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Physical Sciences and Mathematics

  • Pierre Henri Chavanis, 30, is a "chargé de recherche" in the theoretical physics team of the Laboratoire de physique quantique de Toulouse [Toulouse quantum physics laboratory]. He did his thesis at the ENS [Ecole Normale Supérieure] of Lyon on astrophysics applications of two-dimensional turbulence, from Jupiter's great red spot to the elliptical galaxies. In Toulouse, his research on the decline of two-dimensional turbulence now involves partners as diverse as the CEA (French atomic energy commission] in Saclay, the Institut de mécanique des fluides [Institute of fluid mechanics] of Toulouse, the observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, and Météo-France. In the space of a few years, this young theorist has become one of the world leaders in the field of turbulence and of its applications to astrophysics.
  • Yvan Sidis, 30, is a "chargé de recherche" at the Laboratoire Léon Brillouin of CNRS, located in Gif-sur-Yvette. This young researcher is a remarkable experimenter of highly correlated electronics systems using inelastic neutron scattering and transport measurements in order to study the coupling between spin and charge degrees of freedom. In particular, he has shown the generality of the existence of a magnetic resonance peak in high critical temperature superconductors and the existence of incommensurable magnetic excitations in the exotic superconductor Sr2CuO4.
  • Christophe Breuil, 32, is a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS (Laboratoire de mathématique d'Orsay [Orsay mathematics laboratory]). Together with three colleagues, he established the proof of one of the most striking results of the last 20 years in mathematics: the Taniyama-Weil conjecture. This is an exceptional event. To demonstrate Fermat's theorem, A. Wiles needed to verify certain instances of this conjecture and had introduced a new method to do so. Prior work by Christophe Breuil on p-divisible groups made it possible to apply Wiles' method to the remaining cases and provide final proof of this conjecture.
  • Andreï Borissov, 34, is a "chargé de recherche" at the Laboratoire des collisions atomiques et moléculaires [Laboratory for atomic and molecular collisions] of Orsay. After being educated initially at the State University of Moscow, and after obtaining a thesis at the Université Paris-Sud, he has asserted himself as a leading theorist, specialized in charge transfer in atom-surface collisions. Andreï Borissov has developed new theoretical methods making it possible to describe charge exchange more quantitatively when surface approximation by means of a uniform medium is insufficient. These methods have had a particularly important impact in the field of insulating surfaces. His theoretical work has initiated several new experiments both inside and outside his laboratory.

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Engineering Sciences

  • François Dufour, 34, is a “chargé de recherche” at LABRI (Laboratoire bordelais de recherche en informatique [Bordeaux computer science research laboratory]) (CNRS - Université Bordeaux 1), in Talence. Up until September 2000, he worked at the Laboratoire des signaux et systèmes [Signals and systems laboratory] of Gif-sur-Yvette, (CNRS - Ecole supérieure d'électricité - Université Paris 11), and his research concerns jump stochastic systems or hybrid systems. At the crossroads where automation meets computer science, the work of this young researcher is aimed at enriching knowledge on analysis and control of systems involved in many complex real processes in telecommunications, transport, and production.
  • Hervé Rigneault, 32, is a “chargé de recherche” at the Institut Fresnel de Marseille (CNRS - Université Aix-Marseille 1 - Université Aix-Marseille 3 - Ecole nationale supérieure de physique de Marseille). He has studied the mechanical properties of thin-layer materials, and he has set up an interferometric measurement system for measuring stress on such layers. Hervé Rignault is now focusing on the study of emission of luminescent atoms placed in cavities, with the aim of controlling the directivity of the radiative emission from luminescent atoms in planar micro-cavities. In particular, he is developing research into detecting the fluorescence of single biological tracers placed in these microstructures.
  • Mohamed Cherkaoui, 33, is a “chargé de recherche” at the Laboratoire de physique et mécanique des matériaux [Laboratory for physics and mechanics of materials] of Metz (CNRS-Université de Metz). His research program on the micromechanics of TRIP (transformation induced plasticity) steels, combines descriptions on various scales with a thermomechanics approach. The aim of his research, conducted in collaboration with the steel company SOLLAC, is to determine the behavior law of the austenitic grain, and to implement a micro-macro transition method making it possible to obtain the behavior law of the polycrystal on the basis of the behavior law of the grain. The quality of Mohamed Cherkaoui's work and the collaborations established with non-French university groups guarantee leading international visibility for this researcher.
  • Anne Bourdon, 30, is a “chargée de recherche” at the Complexe de recherche interprofessionnel en aérothermochimie [Aerothermochemistry interprofessional research complex] CORIA (CNRS – Université de Rouen – INSA [national institute of applied sciences] of Rouen), in Mont Saint Aignan. Her research activities concern modeling flows of plasmas that are reactive and out of thermal equilibrium, and in particular modeling of atmospheric re-entry plasmas. In this context, and in close collaboration with experimenters, she has developed several computation codes and proposed new models. For two years now, Anne Bourdon has been broadening her work to modeling a cold plasma reactor for de-polluting automobile exhaust gases.
  • Yannick Cremillieux, 35, is a “chargé de recherche” at the Laboratoire de résonance magnétique nucléaire [Nuclear magnetic resonance laboratory] (CNRS – Université Lyon 1 – Ecole supérieure de chimie physique électronique de Lyon), in Villeurbanne. A specialist in developing medical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), this qualified physicist who works in the field of life sciences is recognized in particular for his research on imaging of hyperpolarized rare gases (helium 3), the main applications of which are: pulmonary ventilation imaging, imaging combining pulmonary ventilation and perfusion and vectorization of hyperpolarized helium 3. Yannick Cremillieux has been assigned by the international community to lead the Les Houches Summer School (2000) on the use of hyperpolarized gases in medicine.

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Chemical Sciences

  • Jérôme Claverie, 32, is a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS, at the Laboratoire de chimie et procédés de polymérisation [Polymerization methods and chemistry laboratory] (CNRS - Ecole supérieure de chimie physique électronique de Lyon), in Villeurbanne. His research activity lies in the field of polymerization in dispersed media (emulsion, mini-emulsion) performed by radical, controlled radical, or catalytic polymerization. His major contributions concern firstly the study of matter transfer mechanisms at the water / latex interface, and secondly the development of original methods for synthesizing polymers in dispersed media. Jérôme Claverie has thus synthesized completely novel latexes either by cycloolefin metathesis polymerization, or by olefin catalytic polymerization. This activity lies behind a new range of materials (e.g. polyethylene latex) which offer genuine economic and industrial prospects.
  • Christophe Meyer, 31, is a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS at the laboratoire Nouvelles méthodes de synthèse et étude de systèmes chimiques biomimétiques ["New methods of synthesis and study of biomimetic chemical systems" laboratory] (Université Paris 6), in Paris. His research activity is centered on the development of new methods (metatheses, reactions on solid media, organometallic catalysis) and their applications to synthesizing natural products. In collaboration with Rhodia, he is also studying the activity of a new catalyst and the asymmetric self-catalysis approach.
  • Philippe Walter, 33, is a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS at the Laboratoire de recherche des musées de France [French museums research laboratory] (CNRS - Direction des Musées de France), in Paris. He has shown very clearly the decisive contribution made by chemical science to archeology. The most spectacular breakthroughs concern the ancient cosmetics produced by the Egyptians, 2000 years before Christ, using a genuine chemical synthesis strategy. He has applied and used the most novel concepts and techniques to the benefit of archeological results of world interest.
  • Anne Dolbecq-Bastin, 31, is a "chargée de recherche" at the Institut Lavoisier de Versailles (CNRS - Université de Versailles / Saint Quentin en Yvelines). Her research activity concerns the synthesis of oxothiometallates (entities containing metallic ions and sulfur and oxygen atoms). She has developed the synthesis of new oxothiomolybdic cyclic derivatives by condensing thio-cations around structuring molecules that may be organic or inorganic. She has shown the essential role of the structuring agent in the nuclearity and the geometry of the resulting oxothiometallates. By using transition ions or phosphate, dicarboxylate and tricarboxylate ions as structuring agent, she has succeeded in stabilizing original cyclic structures containing six, eight, ten or twelve atoms of molybdenum. Her work also concerns the controlled synthesis of one-, two-, or three- dimensional architectures on the basis of oxothiometallic precursors.
  • Mireille Richard-Plouet, 34, is a "chargée de recherche" at CNRS in the Groupe des matériaux inorganiques de l'Institut de physique et chimie des matériaux [Inorganic materials group of the Institute for materials physics and chemistry] of Strasbourg (CNRS - Université Strasbourg 1 - Ecole européenne de chimie, polymères et matériaux). Her research activity concerns the study of low-dimensionality magnetic materials, and the development of sol-gel and hydrothermal syntheses. She is working on how the luminescence properties of europium vary as a function of its coordination number in various silicates. Her research on hydrothermal synthesis of silicates and hybrid inorganic-organic alumino-silicates of transition metals is focused on studying their magnetic properties as a function of particular arrangements of the metals in these compounds.
  • Jean-Pierre Simorre, 36, is a “chargé de recherche” at the Laboratoire de RMN de l'Institut de biologie structurale Jean-Pierre Ebel [NMR laboratory of the Jean-Pierre Ebel Institute of structural biology] (CNRS - CEA) in Grenoble. The research work of this specialist in nuclear magnetic resonance relates both to methodological development and to structural and dynamic studies of macromolecules (RNA and proteins). For example, he has developed a new approach making it possible to increase sensitivity in analyzing RNA molecules. The trials in solution that he has recently conducted concern catalytic RNA structures, such as that of hammerhead ribozyme, or aptamer structures, such as the one capable of recognizing a broncho-dilator, theophylline. He has also studied the structure and dynamics of decarboxylase glycine, an enzyme complex having a high molecular weight, produced during photo-respiration in plants.

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Sciences of the Universe

  • Max-Werner Schmidt went to university in Germany, and then in Switzerland, before continuing his doctoral research in Clermont Ferrand (joint research unit “UMR 6524 - Magmas et volcans” [Magmas and volcanoes]) on the theme of dehydration of the subduction lithosphere, and on recycling of crust materials in the Earth's mantle. As “chargé de recherche” for this unit, he has called into question current ideas that link the fusion of the mantle to the presence of water coming from dehydration of the subducting oceanic lithosphere. In particular, he has demonstrated that the dehydration is a process that is relatively continuous down to depths of greater than 200 km, which means that the origin of arc magmas is not related to the presence of water in the mantle, but rather to its thermal regime. In parallel to this scientific activity, Max-Werner Schmidt has other recognized skills in the field of high-pressure experimentation, since he has been given responsibility for the 1000-tonne multi-anvil press in Clermont-Ferrand, a national instrument of the INSU [National institute for the sciences of the universe], after working at the main international laboratories in experimental petrology.
  • Béatrice Marticoréna is a “chargée de recherche” at CNRS and works at the Laboratoire inter-universitaire des systèmes atmosphériques [Inter-university laboratory for atmospheric systems] of Créteil (joint research unit UMR 7583) where she studies modeling of desert aerosols by wind erosion of arid zones. This subject is important both for climate themes and for understanding soil erosion processes or marine biology. She has introduced the concept of “erosion threshold” which apparently depends on the size of the mobilizable granulate. By using a few physical parameters, she has thus proposed an explicit wind erosion scheme that is simple but that is of hitherto-unattained accuracy. Her model, validated using satellite imaging and in-situ observations, has rapidly become a standard in the world. Her scheme has been coupled to numerous atmospheric models on meso or global scales, in France and over the rest of the globe, both for using data from campaigns and for climate simulations.
  • Olivier Boucher, 29, a “chargé de recherche” at CNRS (Laboratoire d'optique atmosphérique (LOA) [Atmospheric optics laboratory] joint research unit UMR 8518 - Université de Lille), is currently on secondment at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz, Germany. He uses both satellite observations and models to study atmospheric aerosols (particles in suspension in the atmosphere). He is particularly specialized in the impact of aerosols on the Earth's climate. He has quantified the direct effects (in clear skies by backscattering of the solar radiation) and the indirect effects (in cloudy skies by modification of the properties of the clouds) of industrial aerosols. This survey was conducted in two stages: firstly using global models for the atmosphere, and then using satellite data supplied by the POLDER instrument, developed by CNES [French national center for space research] and by LOA. His research also extends to aircraft vapor trails and to the atmospheric cycle of sulfur, the latter research being conducted in collaboration with the laboratories of IPSL [Institut Pierre Simon Laplace].
  • Martin Lemoine is a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS and he works at the all-CNRS unit UPR 341 (Institut d'astrophysique de Paris), in Paris. He has excelled in three fields of astrophysics research. His analyses of ultraviolet spectra emitted by the stars of our galaxy have highlighted considerable variations in the deuterium to hydrogen isotopic ratio (D/H) in the local interstellar medium. Martin Lemoine has explained this phenomenon by contamination of the interstellar clouds from stellar winds devoid of deuterium. Furthermore, his modeling of the propagation of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays would suggest an extragalactic magnetic field that is relatively high (about 10-7 gauss). His research also provides important information on the detectability of these ultra-high-energy cosmic rays by the AUGER Observatory. Finally, he has calculated the production of gravitinos (super-symmetric partners of the graviton) during inflation, either by gravitational pumping of the quantum void, or by primordial black holes.

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Life Sciences

  • Hélène Bénédetti, 35, is a “chargée de recherche” at CNRS and works at the Centre de biophysique moléculaire [Molecular biophysics center] directed by Paul Vigny, in Orléans. Since the beginning of her career, she has performed a range of innovative work on the physiology of Gram negative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli. She has also contributed effectively to research on endocytosis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. She is currently focusing her attention on a family of proteins, the PEPBs (Phosphatidyl-Ethanolamine Binding Protein), which regulate the proliferation of certain cells.
  • Franck Girard, 33, is a “chargé de recherche” at CNRS and works at the Institut de génétique humaine [Institute for human genetics] in Montpellier, directed by Jacques Demaille. His current research concerns the functional characterization, in Drosophila, of SOX, a family of genes that has been very well conserved during evolution. The products of these genes are involved in various cellular determination/differentiation processes during embryogenesis, such as the determination of the male sex in mammals, the formation of bones, or the development of the nervous system.
  • Ulf Nehrbass, 35, is a “chargé de recherche” at CNRS in the laboratoire Transduction du signal et contrôle de la transcription [“Signal transduction and transcription control” laboratory] directed by Michel Véron, in Paris. In an “ATIPE” [Theme-based and incentive action on programs and teams] team that he leads, Ulf Nehrbass studies the effects of the three-dimensional organization of the nucleus in gene expression and nuclear metabolism. In yeast, his work essentially concerns the role of intranuclear filaments in the organization of chromatin, and the use of transposable elements (Ty) as tools for analyzing the structure of chromatin. His research on mammal cells concerns intranuclear routing and integration of preintegration complexes of HIV-1.
  • Aïda Habib Abdulkarim, 34, is a “chargée de recherche” at CNRS. She works in Paris in the INSERM 348 Unit directed by Sylvianne Lévy-Toledano. Her work is focused mainly on the regulation of cyclo-oxygenases, which are enzymes necessary for forming prostaglandins, in vascular and blood cells. In parallel, she has characterized receptors for seven transmembrane domains coupled to G-proteins fixing thromboxane, a derivative of arachidonic acid, whose role is important in the platelet and vascular function. She has shown that only one of the two isoforms of these receptors is expressed in blood platelets.
  • Myriam Cayre, 33, is a "chargée de recherche" at CNRS and works at the Laboratoire de neurobiologie [Neurobiology laboratory] directed by Jean-Luc Clément in Marseille. She has discovered a neuron proliferation zone in an integrative structure of the brain in adult insects. This persistent neurogenesis is regulated by internal factors (hormones) and also by external factors (sensorial enrichment of the environment). The hormonal activation of the neurogenesis takes place via the production of polyamines, which are molecules to be found from yeast to man. The role of these polyamines in controlling secondary neurogenesis in vertebrates will be evaluated next.
  • Véronique Berteaux-Lecellier, 34, a "chargée de recherche" at CNRS, works at the Institut de génétique et microbiologie [Genetics and microbiology institute] of CNRS, directed by Michel Duguet, in Orsay. Her research concerns in particular the role of cellular organites (peroxysomes) in the sexual development of the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina, more particularly when the mitotic division cycle goes over to the meiotic cycle. In addition, she has shown evidence of the homology of two peroxysomal proteins of this fungus with human proteins whose mutations lead to fatal diseases. She wants to develop the use of Podospora as a model for studying the role of peroxysomes in differentiation.
  • Delphine Duprez, 36, is a "chargée de recherche" at CNRS and she works at the Institut d'embryologie cellulaire et moléculaire [Cellular and molecular embryology institute] of CNRS, directed by Gérard Couly and located in Nogent-sur-Marne. She is focusing on the signaling factors involved in the development of the wing muscles in chicken embryos. Her research program is based on experiments that consist in implanting, in the in ovo embryo, cells that produce retroviral constructions, and in analyzing the morphological and molecular consequences on the muscle.
  • Ludovic Ferrand, 33, is a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS and works at the Laboratoire de psychologie expérimentale (Experimental psychology laboratory] of CNRS, directed by Juan Segui and located in Boulogne-Billancourt. His activity is organized around four research themes: the production of speech (in particular the study of the role of the syllable as a "natural" production unit); the perception of speech (more precisely, the influence of spelling during recognition of spoken words); the recognition of written words; the naming of drawings of objects. He has just published Leçons de parole at O. Jacob (in collaboration with J. Segui).
  • Hervé Philippe, 34, a "chargé de recherche" at CNRS, works in Paris at the Laboratoire Biologie moléculaire et cellulaire du développement ["Cellular and molecular development biology" laboratory], directed by Jean-Claude Boucaut, a unit having an "ATIPE" [Theme-based and incentive action on programs and teams] team. He is developing phylogenetic reconstruction methods that he is applying to reconstructing the universal tree of life. After his work on the reliability of molecular phylogenies, his research has led him to go back to the origins of life and to call into question the current conception of the evolution of the first living beings. He has put forward the hypothesis of procaryotes appearing before eucaryotes.

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Humanities and Social Sciences

  • Jean-François Berger, 34, is a "chargé de recherche" at the Centre d'études Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen-Age [Center for research on Prehistory, Antiquity, and the Middle Ages] at Nice-Sophia Antipolis. He is a specialist in geoarcheology applied to holocene environments. His research, essentially conducted in the Rhône Valley, fits, in particular, into the European Archaeomedes Program which is studying the desertification of the Northern Mediterranean regions. Systemic research makes it possible to reconstruct the evolution of the pedological cover and of the fluvial styles in the Postglacial, and to form a predictive model for correcting the archeological maps of the sites disturbed by geomorphologic evolution. The particularly innovative work of Jean-François Berger constitutes both a first-class tool for paleoenvironmental research, and also a major contribution to preventive archeology strategies.
  • Olivier Mattéoni, 38, a lecturer at Université de Paris I, is attached to the Laboratoire de médiévistique occidentale de Paris [Western Medievistics laboratory of Paris]. He is the author of a thesis entitled Servir le prince. Les officiers des ducs de Bourbon à la fin du Moyen âge [Serving the Prince. The officers of the Dukes of Bourbon at the end of the Middle Ages] which has made a considerable impact through the rigor of the methodology applied to the history of the Medieval State and through the new prospects it opens up. The social consequences of the setting up of the political structures of the Modern State are shown particularly clearly. After a survey on the Chambres des Comptes [audit chambers] of the French principalities, that took the form of an international symposium and led to the publication of two works, Olivier Mattéoni has launched three new research projects: one on the procedures for verifying accounts in the Middle Ages, another on châtelains, and a third on the political processes of the XVth and early XVIth centuries.
  • Vincent Goossaert, 31, is a "chargé de recherche" in the Religion et société en Chine [Religion and Society in China] unit (CNRS - Ecole pratique des hautes études). He is specialized in the social history of Chinese religions. His thesis entitled La Création du taoïsme moderne : l'ordre Quanzhen [The creation of modern taoism: the Quanzhen order] was remarked for its religious sociology methodology of Weberian inspiration, and for the use of the epigraph as documentary source. Vincent Goossaert has contributed to the conception of the program of his unit, in which he leads research on the route followed by Chinese religion to modernity, and co-edits the journal Sanjiao wenxian. He is also director of the new project "Anticléricalisme en Chine : l'époque des intolérances (18e-20e siècle)” [Anticlericalism in China. The era of intolerance (18th-20th centuries)]. He has published an initial summary book: "Dans les temples de la Chine. Histoire des cultes, vie des communautés" [In the temples of China. History of creeds, life of communities] (Albin Michel, 2000), which has no equivalent to date.
  • Nicolas Tournadre, 41, is a lecturer at Université Paris 8 and is a member of the Laboratoire Langues et civilisations à tradition orale ["Languages and civilizations of spoken tradition" laboratory], in Villejuif. His research activities are built around two main orientations: Tibetan linguistics, and typology of tense, aspect, and mode in natural languages. In ten years, Nicolas Tournadre has become one of the leading world experts in Tibetology. His work L'ergativité en tibétain moderne [Ergativity in modern Tibetan], in which he highlights the discursive use of the ergative case in Tibetan, constitutes a totally new approach that sheds light on the development of casual marks in many Tibeto-Burmese languages on the basis of rhetorical marks. Nicolas Tournadre is the scientific head of a large-scale international project on Tibetan dialects. Indeed, he has discovered and described several of these dialects.
  • Jocelyn Benoist, 32, is "agrégé de philosophie" and a lecturer at Université Paris 1. Specialized in German idealism and in phenomenology, he collaborates in the work of the "Pays germaniques, histoire-culture-philosophie" [Germanic countries, history-culture-philosophy] laboratory (CNRS - Ecole normale supérieure - Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales - Université Paris 8). After doing a thesis on "Le problème de la subjectivité dans la Critique de la raison pure" [The problem of subjectivity in the Critique of Pure Reason], his research activities developed essentially in the context of the Husserl Archives. Through a remarkable scientific output, in particular the publication of four major books, two of which were published in the prestigious "Épiméthée" collection of the Presses Universitaires de France, Jocelyn Benoist is already considered to be a prominent personality in French philosophy today.
  • Gisèle Sapiro, 35, is a "chargée de recherche" at the Centre de sociologie de l'éducation et de la culture [Center for the sociology of education and of culture] (CNRS - Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales), in Paris. Her work contributes to a sociology of intellectuals, from the end of the XIXth Century to the late 1960s. In La guerre des écrivains (1940-1953) [the writers' war, 1940 to 1953] (Fayard Pub.), Gisèle Sapiro has combined the institutional analysis with a meticulous biographical approach. This work, which retraces the history of the conditions of intellectual output under the Nazi Occupation of France, provides above all a reflection on symbolic power within the intellectual field, the exercise of this power by writers remaining disputed by other intellectual fractions. The recognition enjoyed by this work confirms the eminent position held by Gisèle Sapiro in her discipline.
  • Thomas Piketty, 29, is a "chargé de recherche" at the Recherche fondamentale en économie mathématique ["Basic research in mathematical economics] laboratory (CNRS - Centre d'études prospectives d'économie mathématique appliquée à la planification), in Paris. His research themes concern unemployment and employment policies, and the political economics of inequalities. His work covers all of the facets of research: theory, concern for the empirical, recommendations as regards economic policy, and vulgarization and dissemination of knowledge. The national and international influence of the work of Thomas Piketty is of top level, witness his duties as editor of the Journal of Public Economics and his capacity as member of the "Conseil d'Analyse Économique" [Economic analysis board], placed under the authority of the French Prime Minister.
  • Maria-Caterina Pasqualino-Regis, 36, is a "chargée de recherche" at the Laboratoire d'anthropologie des institutions et des organisations sociales [Laboratory for anthropology of social organizations and institutions] in Paris. For several years now, she has been conducting top-quality work on gypsy populations of the Mediterranean Basin. She is a genuine anthropologist of flamenco, and her work Dire le chant. Les Gitans flamencos d'Andalousie [Saying the song. The flamenco gypsies of Andalusia] constitutes the first monographic study of Andalusian gypsies. After conducting surveys in Extremadura on the relations between music and religion, she intends to undertake work on the gypsies of Mexico. The work of Maria-Caterina Pasqualino-Regis, her articles, the special editions of journals that she has directed, and also her films, give a subtle picture of gypsy culture, between tradition and modernity.
  • Marie-Christine Chivallon, 39, is a "chargée de recherche" at the Laboratoire Migrinter-Tide (CNRS - Université de Poitiers - Université Bordeaux 3), in Poitiers. Her scientific activity lies in the field of cultural geography, in particular in the relations between space and identity in the West Indian world. Her reflection is based on major field survey work on two very different subjects, namely Martinique society, and the Jamaican Diaspora in the United Kingdom. In addition, her repeated contacts with British geographers have led Christine Chivallon to pose questions about the links between scientific output and dynamics of the academic field The resulting work associates research and epistemological reflection in a context that is both international and multi-disciplinary.
  • Sophie Duchesne, 36, is a "chargée de recherche" at the Centre d'étude de la vie politique française [Center for research on French political life] (CNRS - Fondation nationale des sciences politiques). Author of a political sociology thesis concerning the representations of citizenship, Sophie Duchesne has gradually broadened her work to address issues of social and political identity and issues of altruistic commitment. Thus, she recently conducted a survey on volunteer work and association-based commitment, on the basis of which she is posing questions about the non-payment and individualism of the players. In addition, through her work on national and European identities, she is continuing the international collaborations launched under the Beliefs in Government program. She is particularly attentive to the problems raised by qualitative methods and analysis of speeches, in particular speeches heard in interviews.

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