Female gorillas detect and avoid sick groups
Gorillas are social animals, living in groups that females will migrate to join, becoming members of harems. Though some factors motivating these migrations were previously known, a research team affiliated with the CNRS and Université de Rennes 1 has just demonstrated that female gorillas are able to avoid conspecifics liable to transmit yaws, which leads to conspicuous ulcers on the animals’ faces. While studying 593 gorillas for over a decade, the scientists observed that females leave males and overly diseased groups to join healthier ones, avoiding other sick groups at all costs. The team’s findings, which are published in Ecology's September issue, suggest gorillas learn the disease is contagious and are able to detect one of its symptoms in others, namely disfigurement.
Disease avoidance, and breeding group age and size condition the dispersal patterns of western lowland gorilla females. Alice Baudouin, Sylvain Gatti, Florence Levréro, Céline Genton, Romane H. Cristescu, Vincent Billy, Peggy Motsch, Jean‐Sébastien Pierre, Pascaline Le Gouar and Nelly Ménard. Ecology, September 2019. DOI:10.1002/ecy.2786