INSU National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy
Understand and predict through observing,
experimenting and modeling
What is the origin of the Universe, what is it made of, and how does it change? Is there life in other planetary systems? How does the Earth system work, and how did life frst appear? What processes led to the formation of the Earth’s carbonaceous and metallogenic re- sources? How can earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and other geohazards be predicted? How will the climate change at the global and regional scale? What will be the impact of such change on hydrological systems and water resources? These are just some of the important issues addressed by the CNRS National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy (INSU).
The National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy aims to design, promote and coordinate national and international research in the felds of astronomy and of solid Earth, continental surfaces and interfaces, ocean, atmospheric and space sciences.
Working with other partner organizations and universities, the INSU carries out prospective scientifc studies in order to identify emerging research areas that require priority support. As part of the joint programs that it coordinates, the Institute funds research projects and sets up national and international facilities. The INSU also helps to structure national research in its own feld, in particular by managing the network of Observatoires des sciences de l’Univers (Earth Science and Astronomy Observatories-OSU).
Artist’s impression of the E-ELT European Southern Observatory, ESO.
Priority research areas at the INSU mainly cover:
- the formation and evolution of the Universe, its components ((baryonic matter, dark matter and energy), and the objects that make it up (galaxies, stars and planetary systems);
- the formation, history and structure of the Earth and planets, the interaction between its interior and envelope, its natural resources (metals, energy, water, soils, etc), and the causes of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions;
- climate change and variability, biogeochemical cycles (carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, etc), atmosphere-cryosphere-ocean interaction, and atmospheric composition;
- Interaction of continental surfaces and the Critical Zone with the atmosphere and oceans, evolution of eco-hydrological systems and their quality, and weather-related hazards.
The INSU approves and supports national long-term monitoring services in the Earth sciences and astronomy (observation of the atmosphere, ocean and land surface; earthquake and volcano monitoring; magnetic, geodetic and gravimetric monitoring ; contribution to the international atomic time; monitoring Earth-Sun relationships; observation of the Solar System and components of the Universe). The Institute coordinates and/or manages observation and experimental services for environmental research, as well as national and international infastructures (equipment platforms, oceanographic research vessels, aircraft and telescopes). Finally, the INSU develops high-performance computing necessary to operate, model, archive and give access to databases.
International presence and research applications
The INSU coordinates strategic planning for European astronomy (ASTRONET) and collaborates in the development of European observation networks (RESIF-EPOS, ERA-MIN, ICOS, IAGOS, EMSO, etc). The Institute sets up and/or participates in international programs (MISTRALS, Argo, GEOTRACES, IODP).
It manages large infrastructures together with European and international agencies, and designs instruments within the international consortiums that it often leads.
With regard to research applications, the Institute contributes to operational forecasting services (Mercator Ocean for oceanography and PREV’AIR for air quality), which form an integral part of the European programme for the establishment of a European capacity for Earth observation, COPERNICUS. Its researchers take part in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
- 3 458 researchers and academics including 911 from CNRS*, 3 049 engineers and technicians including 1 459 from CNRS* and 1 856 PhD students and postdoctoral fellows
- 97 research and service units and 3 research federations**
- 3 research networks*
- 3 international joint units, 9 international associated laboratories, 7 international research networks, 34 international programs for scientific cooperation and 13 joint research projects
- 277 ongoing industrial agreements in 2014-2015
* Source: Sirhus, 04/03/2016, ** Labintel, 29/02/2016 – processed by CNRS / SAP2S