| 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2003 | 2002 |
- Alain Aspect has been awarded the 2013 Niels Bohr Medal. It honors his major contributions to the field of quantum optics and atomic physics.
- Antoine Joux (PRISM laboratory – UVSQ / CNRS) has been awarded the Gödel Prize for his cryptography model.
- The European Inventor Award 2013 in the "Research" category has been handed to Patrick Couvreur, Barbara Stella, Véronique Rosilio and Luigi Cattel for the development of nanocapsules carrying anticancer drugs.
- Thomas Piketty, a researcher at the Paris Jourdan Sciences économique unit, has received the Yrjö Jahnsson 2013 Award.
- Élisabeth Giacobino and Jean-Michel Raimond, both researchers at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory (CNRS, École normale supérieure, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris) have been awarded the Gay-Lussac Humboldt 2012 Prize.
- The European Inventor Award 2012 in the Research category: Gilles Gosselin (CNRS), Jean-Louis Imbach and Martin L. Bryant received this award for the development of a highly effective anti-viral drug against hepatitis B.
- 2012 Albert Einstein medal : Alain Aspect is the second French scientist to receive this medal for his exceptional research work in the scientific field of Albert Einstein, quantum physics.
- International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Award of the People's republic of China : Hugues de Thé has received this award at Beijing on 14th February 2012.
- The Gay-Lussac/Humboldt Award 2011, conferred jointly by the French Ministry of Research and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH) every year since 1981, honours scientists' efforts towards Franco-German cooperation in research and teaching. The French scientists honoured included: Michel Espagne), Vladimir Fateev, Hubert Garavel, Pascal Richet, Christophe Salomon.
- 2011 Canada Gairdner International Award and Shaw Prize - Jules Hoffmann, Emeritus Senior Researcher at CNRS, has just been awarded two prestigious prizes for his works concerning innate immunity: the 2011 Gairdner Award for medical research and the 2011 Shaw Prize in Life Science and Medicine.
- Leonard Medal of the Meteoritical Society - The Leonard Medal honors outstanding contributions to the science of meteoritics and closely related fields. In 2011, the laureate was François Robert, a researcher specializing in isotope geochemistry and cosmochemistry.
- Fabio Frassetto International Prize - This prize, awarded by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, is one of the most prestigious awards in Physical Anthropology; in 2011, the prize winners were Roberto Macchiarelli, Professor at the National Natural History Museum of Paris and Salvador Moyà, Director of the Miquel Crusafont Palaeontology Institute of Catalonia.
- Ernst Jung Gold Medal for Medicine in 2011 - Michel Lazdunski, Professor at Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (CNRS and University of Nice) was awarded this Medal for his contributions in the field of ion channels, which have led to breakthroughs in the fields of physiology, pathology and pharmacology.
- 2010 NIMS Award - Jean-Marie Tarascon, professor at the University of Picardie Jules Verne, won the 2010 NIMS Award for major achievements in improving the capacity,
life span, and safety of lithium ion cells.
- Keio Medical Science Prize 2010 - Professor Jules A. Hoffmann, Emeritus Senior Researcher at CNRS, was selected for the 15th Keio Medical Science Prize, together with Shizuo Akira, Director of Immunology Frontier Research Center (Osaka University). The Keio Medical Science Prize recognizes the outstanding and creative achievements of researchers in the fields of medicine and life sciences, in particular those contributing to scientific developments in medicine.
- 2010 Gauss Prize - Yves Meyer, Professor Emeritus at École Normale Supérieure de Cachan, France, was selected for the 2010 Gauss Prize for fundamental contributions to number theory, operator theory and harmonic analysis, and his pivotal role in the development of wavelets and multiresolution analysis.
- Beller Lectureship Award - Nathalie Picqué (CNRS / Univ Paris11) received the American Physical Society's “Beller Lectureship Award"
- Boltzmann medal 2010 - Bernard Derrida, research teacher in the statistical physics laboratory of the Physics Department at ENS, received the Boltzmann medal 2010 for his fundamental contributions to statistical physics.
- The 2010 Wolf Prize in Physics went to Prof. Alain Aspect, CNRS senior researcher, Prof. John F. Clauser (US) and Prof. Anton Zeilinger (Austria) for their work in quantum physics.
- The European Physical Society's 2009 Senior Researcher Prizes in Quantum Electronics and Optics was awarded to Alain Aspect (fundamental aspects) and Thomas Ebbesen (applied aspects).
- 2009 Charles H. Townes Award - Gérard Mourou, researcher at the Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquée (LOA), was awarded the 2009 Charles H. Townes Award of the Optical Society of America, one of the most prestigious awards in optics, laser, and quantum optics.
- 2009 EMBO Gold medal - Olivier Voinnet, CNRS senior researcher at the Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS in Strasbourg, received the highest European reward in molecular biology: the 2009 European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) Gold medal.
- 2009 FEBS/EMBO Women in Science Award - Anne Houdusse of the Curie Institute in Paris, received the 2009 FEBS/EMBO Women in Science Award for her outstanding contribution to the field of structural biology and the understanding of the molecular mechanism of action of myosin.
- US National Academy of Engineering - Sébastien Candel, from the EMC2 Laboratory (CNRS / Univ. Paris 6) has been named as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering
- Beller Lectureship Award - Michel Dyakonov (CNRS / Univ Montpellier-II) received the American Physical Society's “Beller Lectureship Award"
- Geochemical Society and European Association for Geochemistry - George Calas, from IMPMC (CNRS / Univ Versailles Saint-Quentin), was made a Fellow of the Geochemical Society and of the European Association for Geochemistry.
- Academy of Russian Sciences - Gérard Mourou, head of LOA, and professor at the Physics Department of the Ecole Polytechnique, was elected to the physics section of the prestigious Academy of Russian Sciences
- French 2008 Descartes-Huygens Prize - Pierre Braunstein, researcher in inorganic and organic metal chemistry, was awarded the French 2008 Descartes-Huygens Prize.
- Three French chemists were awarded prizes from the Royal Society of Chemistry, the largest chemistry society in Europe: Bruno Chaudret, from CNRS in Toulouse, received the Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson Award; Guy Bertrand, director of the International Joint Unit UCR2 in California, was awarded the Nyholm Prize in Inorganic Chemistry; Michel Che, from LRS3 in Paris, received the Centenary Prize.
- European Mathematical Society 2008 Prize - Winners included, Laure Saint-Raymond, Cédric Villani, Artur Avila and Felix Klein working in CNRS joint research units.
- 2008 James B. Macelwane Medal - James Badro receives the 2008 James B. Macelwane Medal at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held 17 December 2008 in San Francisco, California. The medal is for "significant contributions to the geophysical sciences by a young scientist of outstanding ability."
- 2008 Fritz London Prize - Yuriy Bunkov, CNRS senior researcher, Vladimir V. Dmitriev, and Igor A. Fomin are joint winners of the 2008 Fritz London Prize for their discovery and understanding of the "Phase Coherent Spin Precession and Spin Superfluidity of 3He-B".
- The 2008 Blue Planet Prize, the international environmental award, went to Dr. Claude Lorius, Senior Researcher Emeritus (CNRS 2002 Gold Medal) and Professor José Goldemberg.
- The Gay-Lussac/Humboldt Award 2008, conferred jointly by the French Ministry of Research and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH) every year since 1981, honours scientists' efforts towards Franco-German cooperation in research and teaching. The French scientists honoured included: Abdelhak Djouadi, Clément Sanchez, Vladimir Kazakov, Jean Jacod.
- French 2007 Descartes-Huygens Prize - Catherine Secrétan, researcher in human sciences, was awarded the French 2007 Descartes-Huygens Prize.
- European Science Communicator of the year Prize2007 - Jean-Pierre Luminet won the 2007 European Science Communicator of the year Prize
- European Union Descartes Prize - European Epica project for ice coring wwon the European Union Descartes Prize
- The 2007 Turing award went to Joseph Sifakis, CNRS researcher at the Verimag laboratory
- 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to French physicist Albert Fert
- The 2007 Dirac Medal, one of the most prestigious awards in theoretical physics and mathematics, rewarded Jean Iliopoulos, Emeritus Senior Researcher at CNRS and Luciano Maiani, professor at the University of Rome
- 2007 EMBO Award for Communication in the Life Sciences: Christian Sardet and Ali Saib were the joint laureates of the 2007 EMBO Award. Both recipients presented science in a unique format that was both enlightening and entertaining, a key requirement in winning the award. Using different media, they produced resources for researchers, as well as for teaching and disseminating science to the broader community - press release (pdf)
- 2007 Euryi award winners - Philippe Schlenker, Sylvia Serfaty, Terence Strick, Rufin VanRullen, the 2007 Euryi award winners, were four young researchers presented by the CNRS are 2007 Euryi award winners.
- 2007 Japan Prize - Albert Fert, 2003 CNRS gold medal, and Peter Grünberg were the joint winners of the 2007 Japan Prize